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Tech Tip: How to compare two BLOBs
PRODUCT: 4D | VERSION: 2003.2 | PLATFORM: Mac & Win
Published On: January 15, 2004
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Versions: 6.7, 6.8 and 2003

This tech tip will show a quick method to compare blobs. As a developer, you may want to track any changes that occur to records. Being able to compare blobs will provide a developer the means to track the slightest modification.

Let's begin with the most obvious change. If the sizes are different then you know there has been a modification. However, two blobs with the same size may contain different values. To detect this, you will need to compare each byte of the blob against the other. Here is a simple project method to compare two blobs:

`Method Name: compareBlob
`Description: This method will compare the content of two blobs
`Parameter:
` $1 = Blob; $2 = Blob
`Return Value:
` $0: True if equal, otherwise false

C_BLOB($1;$2)
C_BOOLEAN($0)
If (BLOB size($1)=BLOB size($2))
  For ($vByte;0;BLOB size($1)-1)
     If ($1{$vByte}#$2{$vByte})
      $0:=False
      $vByte:=BLOB size    Else
      $0:=True
      $vByte:=BLOB size($1)
    End if
  End for
Else
  $0:=False
End if

Method Call Example:

TEXT TO BLOB("hello world";vBlob1;3)
TEXT TO BLOB("hello World";vBlob2;3)
$var:=compareBlob (vBlob1;vBlob2)

In this example, I am using just a text comparison. This example method will create two BLOBs and pass them into the compareBlob method and return a Boolean. You will notice that the text is "hello world" in both cases, so the total blob size will be the same. But the second blob has a capitalized W, which will return false.